According to the latest SPDR report I received in my mail, “The SPDR Straits Times Index ETF, Singapore’s first locally created exchange traded fund, is designed to track the performance of the Straits Times Index.”

Its inception date is 17th April 2002 and it has been around for about 12 years.  The price is approximately 1/1000th of STI and it’s available for purchase using the CPF investment scheme in the ordinary account for amount over $20 thousand under the current MAS policy.

The assets under management for this ETF is over $400 million, so the chances of this fund getting liquidated over the long term are pretty slim.  Like most diversified ETF’s, it’s a good medium as a long-term investment, and trading for the short-term is not recommended.

For an investor who invests in this fund since its inception till the month end as of 28 Feb 2014, the return is 8.20% inclusive of transaction cost and dividends in SGD.  This return is splendid, especially considering that over this period, the SGD has appreciated much over the USD.  The return figure quoted in a global financial currency such as USD will probably be much higher.  At that rate of past return, it beats inflation in a meaningful way and provides the investor a real appreciation of his funds.

Over the same period of time, the return for HDB flats in general, without taking into account of upkeep cost and rental, is around 6.5%.  It would mean that the SPDR STI ETF provided a similar rate of return without the requirements of a huge outlay of capital, at a lower cost, with better diversification and liquidity and with the ability of subdivision of your holdings into smaller lots to be purchased and sold over time.

As with all stocks, the SPDR STI ETF is pretty volatile over the short term of a few years.  Witness the drop of the STI index from the high of 3800 level to less than 3100 level during the recent financial crisis and the fall from 2500 level to the 1250 level during the dot com bubble burst.  Stock market panics and blooms are common and cannot be avoided and furthermore is the very reason why stocks long-term returns are higher than staid investments such as bonds.  The stock market is the manifest of the mantra of high-risks high-returns and no-pain no-gain.  What the investor can deal with the situation is to take a long term view of the stock market and invest for the long term – let the ebbs and flows of the price cycles cancel out each other over the long term and achieve meaningful returns over periods of decades of investment.

It’s important for the investor not to place short-term funds designated to fund items such as near-term house purchases or college funding to a volatile asset class such as stock ETF.  It’ll not be optimal to purchase the STI ETF at a temporary high price and encounter a bear market thereafter.  The investor will then be faced with a financial straitjacket of having to lock into capital losses if he/she needs to en-cash the funds to meet his/her needs.  The ideal investment for STI ETF will be for your retirement, college funding for your infant, or as a bequest which allow capitalism to do its magic over decades down the road.

The STI ETF is well diversified with a slight tilt towards banks.  The first, third and fourth by holdings are DBS, OCBC and UOB.  This perhaps reflects the fact that Singapore is a major financial hub.  The index also contains some companies based overseas in countries/regions such as Hong Kong; examples of such companies are Hong Kong Land and Jardine Matheson.  All in all, even though the index is based on stocks traded in SGX, it’s globally diversified as even companies based in Singapore such as Singtel and DBS have a large presence overseas.

The STI ETF is one such ETF that is physically replicated instead of others listed in SGX that are mostly synthetically replicated.  This would mean that the STI ETF will not have counter-party risks.  Its focus in large-caps, well-established companies is particularly assuring to the concerned investors.  The fact that this is an index fund with a low annual cost of 0.3% is an icing on the cake.

Personally, I’m dollar cost averaging into this ETF via my CPF OA.  At its current PE ratio of 13 to 14, it’s probably undervalued compared to S&P500.  If the future of Singapore and the region goes well, this should be a good investment.

Historical Returns by Asset Classes

Historical Returns by Asset Classes

The above link is the historical returns by asset classes created by Simba from the Bogleheads forum.  The author uses the data to simulate backtesting of hypothetical portfolios.  It’s highly US and Vanguard centric but nevertheless contains ex-USA information and is highly informational for investors with regards to risks and future expected returns.

You can also read a discussion about the data file here.

Singapore’s Salary by Occupation and Industry

Below is the link to MOM’s yearbook on wages by occupation and industry for 2012.  Since it’s from the Ministry of Manpower, it should lend itself to a higher level of credence and should not be bias to either the employer or employee.

MOM yearbook wages by occupation and industry 2012


World Net Worth Ranking

I’ve created a global net worth ranking system.  It calculates the percentile net worth among the worldwide adult population.

The data points are derived from the Credit Suisse Global Wealth 2016 report.  Basically, the cut-off data points for the top 0.7%, 1.0%, 8.2%, 10.0%, 26.7%, 50% are culled off from the report to generate the actual percentile.  The intermediate points, except those in the top 0.7%, are all derived via linear interpolations.  The calculation assumes that all have a non-negative net worth so some values below the median might be out of tune.  Anyway, the median net worth is a miserly 2,222 USD, so if you live in the developed world, you probably have more than that.

For those who are technically savvy, this script is written entirely in Javascript.  As such, no net worth info is transmitted via the Internet.  All the processing is done locally on your machine.

To use it, just enter your net worth in USD and click the submit button.  A percentile figure will be shown below the text box.  If the figure is 10%, you’re at the richest 10% of the world adult population.